What is Deep Cleaning?
Deep cleaning is treatment of choice for infections gum disease that is known as periodontitis. So what is periodontal disease? Periodontal disease is the formation of plaques and bacteria around gums and teeth. Plaque is the formation of yellow film caused by food build up and bacterial in your mouth. When plaque build up mixes with saliva it hardens over time and turns in to tartar. Tarta containing bacteria around gums will irritate gums around teeth by attaching to the outer surface of the teeth and roots and releases poisonous toxins. These toxins causes infection and inflammations of the gums worse, if untreated they can ultimately cause bone loss and eventually tooth loss. Keep in mind the loss bone will never grow back. Fortunately, deep cleaning can help. Deep cleaning is a treatment that treats the infected area by meticulously removing tartar and bacteria from the teeth and their roots.
Deep cleaning or scaling and root planning is normally performed by your dentist or hygienist. Often your dentist or your hygienist may choose to administer a local anesthetics to perform the procedure painless. The deep cleaning is either done manually or with an ultrasonic instrument called Cavitron. Both technique loosen and remove the plaque and tartar buildup. In addition, laser gum therapy and anti-bacterial irrigation or local antibiotics such as Arestin maybe used in conjunction with cleaning procedure to further reduce the number of bacteria around the gums.
Also keep in mind but rare that one of the following symptoms can occur after treatment.
What Should You Know?
- Bleeding of the gums for the next several days or couple weeks.
- Irritation of the gum
- Teeth discomfort such as sensitivity to hot and cold or sweets
- Swelling and inflammation of the gum
You may ask yourself if you can get a regular cleaning instead?
The answer is NO!
As the name deep cleaning applies, the main difference is that the deep cleaning goes below the gum to remove plaque and tartar buildup from the tooth root where bone is effected by the infection, where as a regular cleaning only removes the plaque and tartar above the gum.
Periodontal disease can not currently be cured. It can only be controlled. So it is important to follow your dentist recommendations and follow-up maintenance known as periodontal maintenance. In addition to routine check ups, performing proper hygiene care at home is also very important to prevent the recurrence of this destructive disease.
Please check with Dr. Baseri or dental hygienist if you have further question.